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Jinai-machi

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What is a “jinaimachi”?
A jinai-machiis a town protected by moats or earthworks with Buddhist temples at its center. Jinai-machi of Tondabayashi was built around 1558-1569. Today in this area, measuring 400 meters from east to west and 350 meters from north to south, more than 200 temples and townhouses with excellent architectural designs still remain. This area is designated as a National Important Preservation District for Groups of Historic Buildings. Here you can learn about the excellent traditional culture and architecture of Japan. You will feel as if you have traveled back in time to the olden days.

Must-see Spots in Jinai-machi

Jonomon-suji Avenue

Former Sugiyama Family Residence

Former Tanaka Family Residence

Three-story Storehouse of the Kuzuhara Family

Earthen Storehouse of the Tamori FamilyResidence

Kosho-ji Betsuin Temple

Nakamura FamilyResidence

Jonomon-suji Avenue

1.Jonomon-suji Avenue

In Jinai-machi, Tondabayashi City, there remain old merchant’s houses that were built in the Edo period. A 400-meter road called Jonomon-suji Avenue runs through the middle of the Jinai-machi area from north to south. This old street has been selected by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism as one of the Top 100 Streets in Japan.
It is believed that the gate of Fushimi Castle, built by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, was moved to this avenue and reused as the gate of Koshoji-Betsuin Temple ((6) on the map above). Jonomon(meaning “castle gate ”) was so named due to this legend.
In the evening, the avenue is lit by street lamps.

Former Sugiyama Family Residence

2.Former Sugiyama Family Residence

The Sugiyama Family was one of the oldest families that had lived in Jinai-machi since its foundation. From the Edo period to the mid-Meiji period, the family prospered as operators of a sake brewery, and coordinated various breweries in the Kawachi region as their leader.
The oldest part of the remaining building is its earthen floor built around 1650. The residence had been built before 1734 as it is today. The residence’s parlor has beautiful walls built in the style known as “Osaka Wall,”and gorgeous paintings on the fusuma doors were painted by Kano school artists. In 1983, the residence, which tells of the rich culture of the South Kawachi region in olden days, was designated as a national important cultural asset.

Location

14-31 Tondabayashi-cho, Tondabayashi City, Osaka Prefecture

Opening hours

10:00-17:00

Admission

[Adults] ¥400
[15 years old or younger] ¥200
[Groups (20 people or over)] 20% discount

Days closed

Mondays (the following day if a public holiday falls on a Monday), end-of-year to New Year period

Former Tanaka Family Residence

3.Former Tanaka Family Residence

The Former Tanaka Family Residence is a historical building whose architectural features characteristic to townhouses in the Meiji period are very well retained. As such, the residence is designated as a National Registered Tangible Cultural Asset.
In order to utilize the buildings while also preserving them, Tondabayashi City moved the main building and repaired the facilities, and opened the buildings to the public as a place for cultural activities for citizens.

Location

7-2 Honmachi, Tondabayashi City, Osaka Prefecture

Opening hours

10:00-17:00

Admission

Free

Days closed

Mondays (the following day if a public holiday falls on a Monday), end-of-year to New Year period

Three-story Storehouse of the Kuzuhara Family

4.Three-story Storehouse of the Kuzuhara Family

The Kuzuhara family residence was built as a new home for a branch family of the Kuzuhara family that lived on the north side of the street. It was built in 1854, when Sanjiro Kuzuhara established the branch family. To the east of the main building there is a courtyard, tea room, and a three-story storehouse. Not many three-story storehouses exist today, and this storehouse is seen as a landmark that symbolizes Jinai-machi. Eaves are attached to each layer of the building, and the roofs are tiled in the “Hongawarabuki”method. Gables facing the street emphasize the whiteness of the wall. The storehouse was used to store tax rice and was built in 1854.

*The Kuzuhara family residence is not open to the public. Please do not enter the site without permission.

Earthen Storehouse of the Tamori Family Residence

5.Earthen Storehouse of the Tamori Family Residence

The Tamori family used the trade name “Kuroyama-ya.” The family adopted this trade name because their ancestors moved to Tondabayashi from Kuroyama in present-day Mihara Town, Minamikawachi County, Osaka Prefecture in the early 17th century. The family was engaged in the cotton textile trade until the mid-Meiji period.
At the back of the main building there are four earthen storehouses of different sizes: a family storehouse, clothing storehouse, rice storehouse, and cotton storehouse.

*The Tamori family residence is not open to the public. Please do not enter the site without permission.

Kosho-ji Betsuin Temple

6.Kosho-ji Betsuin Temple

This temple was built in 1560 by a priest called Shoshu Shonin, who was the 16th master of Koshoji Temple in Kyoto. The temple has been designated as a national important cultural asset. Jinai-machi has been developed today around this temple.
The temple has a gate on Jonomon-suji Avenue. There are a bell, a bridge, the main hall, the guest hall, and a kuri (kitchen building) in the precincts of the temple. It is said that one of the gates of Fushimi Castle was reused as the gate of this temple.

Location

13-18 Tondabayashi-cho, Tondabayashi City, Osaka Prefecture

*Kosho-ji Betsuin Temple is not open to the public. Please do not enter the site without permission.

Nakamura Family Residence

7.Nakamura Family Residence

The Nakamura family was one of the eight families who first built Tondabayashi Jinai-machi. With the trade name of Sadoya, they were involved in the sake brewery business. Their business prospered and they used the largest amount (2,135 koku) of rice to produce sake in the Kawachi Domain in 1785.
Many people famous in cultural circles visited the Nakamura family at this residence. For instance, Yoshida Shoin of the Choshu Domain is known to have visited this residence.

Location

16-31 Tondabayashi-cho, Tondabayashi City, Osaka Prefecture

*The Nakamura Family Residence is not open to the public. Please do not enter the site without permission.

Four Seasons of Jinai-machi

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